About this Course
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다음 전문 분야의 1개 강좌 중 1번째 강좌:

100% 온라인

지금 바로 시작해 나만의 일정에 따라 학습을 진행하세요.

유동적 마감일

일정에 따라 마감일을 재설정합니다.

고급 단계

This is an advanced course, intended for learners with a background in mechanical engineering, computer and electrical engineering, or robotics.

완료하는 데 약 29시간 필요

권장: 4 weeks of study, 5-6 hours per week...

영어

자막: 영어

배울 내용

  • Check

    Understand the key methods for parameter and state estimation used for autonomous driving, such as the method of least-squares

  • Check

    Develop a model for typical vehicle localization sensors, including GPS and IMUs

  • Check

    Apply extended and unscented Kalman Filters to a vehicle state estimation problem

  • Check

    Apply LIDAR scan matching and the Iterative Closest Point algorithm

다음 전문 분야의 1개 강좌 중 1번째 강좌:

100% 온라인

지금 바로 시작해 나만의 일정에 따라 학습을 진행하세요.

유동적 마감일

일정에 따라 마감일을 재설정합니다.

고급 단계

This is an advanced course, intended for learners with a background in mechanical engineering, computer and electrical engineering, or robotics.

완료하는 데 약 29시간 필요

권장: 4 weeks of study, 5-6 hours per week...

영어

자막: 영어

강의 계획 - 이 강좌에서 배울 내용

1
완료하는 데 2시간 필요

Module 0: Welcome to Course 2: State Estimation and Localization for Self-Driving Cars

This module introduces you to the main concepts discussed in the course and presents the layout of the course. The module describes and motivates the problems of state estimation and localization for self-driving cars.

...
9 videos (Total 33 min), 3 readings
9개의 동영상
Welcome to the Course3m
Meet the Instructor, Jonathan Kelly2m
Meet the Instructor, Steven Waslander5m
Meet Diana, Firmware Engineer2m
Meet Winston, Software Engineer3m
Meet Andy, Autonomous Systems Architect2m
Meet Paul Newman, Founder, Oxbotica & Professor at University of Oxford5m
The Importance of State Estimation1m
3개의 읽기 자료
Course Prerequisites: Knowledge, Hardware & Software15m
How to Use Discussion Forums15m
How to Use Supplementary Readings in This Course15m
완료하는 데 7시간 필요

Module 1: Least Squares

The method of least squares, developed by Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1795, is a well known technique for estimating parameter values from data. This module provides a review of least squares, for the cases of unweighted and weighted observations. There is a deep connection between least squares and maximum likelihood estimators (when the observations are considered to be Gaussian random variables) and this connection is established and explained. Finally, the module develops a technique to transform the traditional 'batch' least squares estimator to a recursive form, suitable for online, real-time estimation applications.

...
4 videos (Total 33 min), 3 readings, 3 quizzes
4개의 동영상
Lesson 1 (Part 2): Squared Error Criterion and the Method of Least Squares6m
Lesson 2: Recursive Least Squares7m
Lesson 3: Least Squares and the Method of Maximum Likelihood8m
3개의 읽기 자료
Lesson 1 Supplementary Reading: The Squared Error Criterion and the Method of Least Squares45m
Lesson 2 Supplementary Reading: Recursive Least Squares30m
Lesson 3 Supplementary Reading: Least Squares and the Method of Maximum Likelihood30m
3개 연습문제
Lesson 1: Practice Quiz30m
Lesson 2: Practice Quiz30m
Module 1: Graded Quiz50m
2
완료하는 데 7시간 필요

Module 2: State Estimation - Linear and Nonlinear Kalman Filters

Any engineer working on autonomous vehicles must understand the Kalman filter, first described in a paper by Rudolf Kalman in 1960. The filter has been recognized as one of the top 10 algorithms of the 20th century, is implemented in software that runs on your smartphone and on modern jet aircraft, and was crucial to enabling the Apollo spacecraft to reach the moon. This module derives the Kalman filter equations from a least squares perspective, for linear systems. The module also examines why the Kalman filter is the best linear unbiased estimator (that is, it is optimal in the linear case). The Kalman filter, as originally published, is a linear algorithm; however, all systems in practice are nonlinear to some degree. Shortly after the Kalman filter was developed, it was extended to nonlinear systems, resulting in an algorithm now called the ‘extended’ Kalman filter, or EKF. The EKF is the ‘bread and butter’ of state estimators, and should be in every engineer’s toolbox. This module explains how the EKF operates (i.e., through linearization) and discusses its relationship to the original Kalman filter. The module also provides an overview of the unscented Kalman filter, a more recently developed and very popular member of the Kalman filter family.

...
6 videos (Total 54 min), 5 readings, 1 quiz
6개의 동영상
Lesson 2: Kalman Filter and The Bias BLUEs5m
Lesson 3: Going Nonlinear - The Extended Kalman Filter10m
Lesson 4: An Improved EKF - The Error State Extended Kalman Filter6m
Lesson 5: Limitations of the EKF7m
Lesson 6: An Alternative to the EKF - The Unscented Kalman Filter15m
5개의 읽기 자료
Lesson 1 Supplementary Reading: The Linear Kalman Filter45m
Lesson 2 Supplementary Reading: The Kalman Filter - The Bias BLUEs10m
Lesson 3 Supplementary Reading: Going Nonlinear - The Extended Kalman Filter45m
Lesson 4 Supplementary Reading: An Improved EKF - The Error State Kalman FIlter1h
Lesson 6 Supplementary Reading: An Alternative to the EKF - The Unscented Kalman Filter30m
3
완료하는 데 2시간 필요

Module 3: GNSS/INS Sensing for Pose Estimation

To navigate reliably, autonomous vehicles require an estimate of their pose (position and orientation) in the world (and on the road) at all times. Much like for modern aircraft, this information can be derived from a combination of GPS measurements and inertial navigation system (INS) data. This module introduces sensor models for inertial measurement units and GPS (and, more broadly, GNSS) receivers; performance and noise characteristics are reviewed. The module describes ways in which the two sensor systems can be used in combination to provide accurate and robust vehicle pose estimates.

...
4 videos (Total 34 min), 3 readings, 1 quiz
4개의 동영상
Lesson 2: The Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU)10m
Lesson 3: The Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)8m
Why Sensor Fusion?3m
3개의 읽기 자료
Lesson 1 Supplementary Reading: 3D Geometry and Reference Frames10m
Lesson 2 Supplementary Reading: The Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU)30m
Lesson 3 Supplementary Reading: The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)15m
1개 연습문제
Module 3: Graded Quiz50m
4
완료하는 데 2시간 필요

Module 4: LIDAR Sensing

LIDAR (light detection and ranging) sensing is an enabling technology for self-driving vehicles. LIDAR sensors can ‘see’ farther than cameras and are able to provide accurate range information. This module develops a basic LIDAR sensor model and explores how LIDAR data can be used to produce point clouds (collections of 3D points in a specific reference frame). Learners will examine ways in which two LIDAR point clouds can be registered, or aligned, in order to determine how the pose of the vehicle has changed with time (i.e., the transformation between two local reference frames).

...
4 videos (Total 48 min), 3 readings, 1 quiz
4개의 동영상
Lesson 2: LIDAR Sensor Models and Point Clouds12m
Lesson 3: Pose Estimation from LIDAR Data17m
Optimizing State Estimation3m
3개의 읽기 자료
Lesson 1 Supplementary Reading: Light Detection and Ranging Sensors10m
Lesson 2 Supplementary Reading: LIDAR Sensor Models and Point Clouds10m
Lesson 3 Supplementary Reading: Pose Estimation from LIDAR Data30m
1개 연습문제
Module 4: Graded Quiz30m
4.5
18개의 리뷰Chevron Right

State Estimation and Localization for Self-Driving Cars의 최상위 리뷰

대학: RLApr 27th 2019

It provides a hand-on experience in implementing part of the localization process...interesting stuff!! Kind of time-consuming so be prepared.

대학: GHApr 29th 2019

one of best experiences. But the course requires a steep learning curve. The discussion forums are really helpful

강사

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Jonathan Kelly

Assistant Professor
Aerospace Studies
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Steven Waslander

Associate Professor
Aerospace Studies

토론토 대학교 정보

Established in 1827, the University of Toronto is one of the world’s leading universities, renowned for its excellence in teaching, research, innovation and entrepreneurship, as well as its impact on economic prosperity and social well-being around the globe. ...

자율 주행 자동차 전문 분야 정보

Be at the forefront of the autonomous driving industry. With market researchers predicting a $42-billion market and more than 20 million self-driving cars on the road by 2025, the next big job boom is right around the corner. This Specialization gives you a comprehensive understanding of state-of-the-art engineering practices used in the self-driving car industry. You'll get to interact with real data sets from an autonomous vehicle (AV)―all through hands-on projects using the open source simulator CARLA. Throughout your courses, you’ll hear from industry experts who work at companies like Oxbotica and Zoox as they share insights about autonomous technology and how that is powering job growth within the field. You’ll learn from a highly realistic driving environment that features 3D pedestrian modelling and environmental conditions. When you complete the Specialization successfully, you’ll be able to build your own self-driving software stack and be ready to apply for jobs in the autonomous vehicle industry. It is recommended that you have some background in linear algebra, probability, statistics, calculus, physics, control theory, and Python programming. You will need these specifications in order to effectively run the CARLA simulator: Windows 7 64-bit (or later) or Ubuntu 16.04 (or later), Quad-core Intel or AMD processor (2.5 GHz or faster), NVIDIA GeForce 470 GTX or AMD Radeon 6870 HD series card or higher, 8 GB RAM, and OpenGL 3 or greater (for Linux computers)....
자율 주행 자동차

자주 묻는 질문

  • 강좌에 등록하면 바로 모든 비디오, 테스트 및 프로그래밍 과제(해당하는 경우)에 접근할 수 있습니다. 상호 첨삭 과제는 이 세션이 시작된 경우에만 제출하고 검토할 수 있습니다. 강좌를 구매하지 않고 살펴보기만 하면 특정 과제에 접근하지 못할 수 있습니다.

  • 강좌를 등록하면 전문 분야의 모든 강좌에 접근할 수 있고 강좌를 완료하면 수료증을 취득할 수 있습니다. 전자 수료증이 성취도 페이지에 추가되며 해당 페이지에서 수료증을 인쇄하거나 LinkedIn 프로필에 수료증을 추가할 수 있습니다. 강좌 내용만 읽고 살펴보려면 해당 강좌를 무료로 청강할 수 있습니다.

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